Forex trading is the process of changing one currency into another currency. Online forex trading is gaining popularity in Africa where potential investors are promised quick and huge returns. Accordingly, forex scams have been on the rise on the continent as well. How can you protect yourself from forex trading scam?
- Some of the causes of the surge in forex trading are unemployment, the rising cost of living and internet penetration rates. Trading is mostly done by young, educated, internet savy Africans as an alternative source of income.
- It is estimated that around N350-450 Million Naira are traded daily in Nigeria and the number of retail forex traders in the country could be as high as 300,000. On an average, forex traders in South Africa make deposits of around $742 quarterly.
The real life costs of forex scam can be devastating. For example 13,000 investors in Kenya lost over Sh1.1 billion to VIP Portal in 2015. So far this is still considered to be the biggest forex scam in Kenya’s history.
More recently the South African forex scammer Jabulani ‘Mr Cashflow’ Ngcobo was sentenced to 6 years in jail in May, 2019. Ngcobo (33) claimed to be a self-made millionaire as chief executive of Cashflow Pro, a forex trading company. He published a book in 2018 “Cashflow Naked” sharing his life story and how he made it in forex and also offering financial tips for disadvantaged communities.
Personal stories can be very tragic as well. An unnamed South African lost R100,000 in May this year after he found an article on YouTube claiming that South Africans are making money in forex trading. He followed the link and ended up on KontoFX (forex scam company) website where he opened an account on the website. However, after making money on the site, he couldn’t withdraw his funds.
And in 2018, even more South Africans lost money in an online trading scam that operated for more than two years from a call centre in the Philippines.
Other countries such as Nigeria are affected too. In 2015, a forex trading company called BTD Multi-Global Company promised Nigerians that it would deliver returns of 20% each month. By 2017 investors could no longer withdrew their money. It is believed that around 3,500 people were scammed out of a total of two billion Nigerian Naira.
In April 2019, The Bank of Zambia, Drug Enforcement Commission and Financial Intelligence Centre announced that they are investigating a financial company engaged in forex trading called “Microsavers Hub”. The authorities said that the company was involved in an investment operation that pays returns to its investors from their own money or the money paid by subsequent investors.
How to Protect Yourself From Forex Trading Scam
If you are interested in Forex trading, make sure you have gained enough knowledge about how forex trading works before you invest. Forex trading is very difficult, complex and time consuming. Making money from forex is extremely hard, if not impossible.
Research shows that it is virtually impossible for an individual to day trade for a living.
We observe all individuals who began to day trade between 2013 and 2015 in the Brazilian equity futures market and who persisted for at least 300 days: 97% of them lost money, 0.4% earned more than a bank teller (US$54 per day), and the top individual earned only US$310 per day with great risk.
Do Your Research About Forex Brokers
Apart from understanding the mechanics, you also need to conduct due diligence on the forex broker you want to conduct business with. For example, beware of brokers who promise returns that would make you a millionaire in a short period of time. Ask yourself why a stranger you met on social media. for instance, wants to make you a millionaire.
You should also be skeptical if there isn’t enough information on the website of the forex trading company such as whether the company is regulated, how long it has been in business, addresses, names of real people behind the company, etc.
Some forex fraudsters use fake trading statements, screenshots or demo accounts to lure unsuspecting investors. Excersise caution when dealing with traders who use aggressive tactics, flashy testimonials and showing off how “wealthy” they are.
Signs for Potential Forex Fraud
Other worrying signs that indicate you might be dealing with fraudsters are when you can’t withdraw your funds and the trader insists you add more money into your account, traders who claim to possess a system that will make huge amount of money for you even when you sleep and traders who keep your funds in a pool where you can’t monitor your individual investment.
A South African certified financial planner, Craig Gradidge, says consider forex trading as an alternative to gambling. Therefore, you should engage in forex trading only when your financial affairs are in order.
Forex trading is not dissimilar to gambling if you’re not an appropriately qualified and experienced trader, and it should be avoided altogether […], says top financial planner Craig Gradidge.
Forex trading is a genuine enterprise. However, there are many forex fraud companies and individuals luring Africans on the internet and social media. It is not a get rich quick investment. To earn good returns, you will need proper education and make sure you invest what you can afford to lose.